Thiamin, or vitamin B1, is a member of the B vitamin complex. Although the body needs only a minis-cule amount of thiamin, it plays several major roles in health. Thiamin assists in carbohydrate metabolism and blood formation, stimulates blood circulation, and has a part in maintaining muscle tone of the stomach, intestines, and heart. Vitamin Bl is essential for healthy brain and nerve cell function, and it promotes appetite.
Good Food Sources: Dried beans, oatmeal, brown rice, peanuts, peas, soybeans, wheat germ, lean meats, fish, cereals, fortified breads, and whole grains.
Signs of Deficiency: Signs of thiamin deficiency include shortness of breath, low blood pressure, irregular heart rhythm, fatigue, nerve damage, anxiety, muscle cramps, and chest pain. Low thiamin levels can also cause beriberi, a nervous-system disorder in which people experience fatigue, weight loss, gastrointestinal disorders, weakness, and tender, atrophied muscles. A thiamin deficiency can be caused by alcohol abuse and lead to significant memory impairment, problems with motor and eye movements, and poor reality perception. Other people who may have an increased need for thiamin include pregnant women and people who exercise strenuously.
Uses of Thiamin: Thiamin is used to treat heart attack and cardiovascular disease